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The Doon School The Doon School (informally Doon School or Doon ) is a boys-only private boarding school in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. The school is relatively new among Indian boarding schools; [ 1 ] its founding in 1935 was the culmination of canvassing by some moderate Indian nationalists led by Satish Ranjan Das, a Calcutta lawyer. [ 1 ] Although Das died before the school could open, he is credited as the institution's founder [ 2 ] [ 3 ] because of his "assiduous lobbying" for the school's founding in the 1920s. [ 1 ] He foresaw a school modelled on the British public school, but alive to Indian ambitions and desires. [ 1 ] Jawaharlal Nehru encouraged a move toward establishing the school, but Mahatma Gandhi was not interested in it. [ 1 ] The school's first headmaster was an Englishman, Arthur E. Foot, who had spent nine years as a science master at Eton College, England before coming to Doon, and returned to England right after India's independence. [ 4 ] Order essay online cheap new world domesticates of the genus chenopodium present headmaster is Peter McLaughlin, who has occupied the post since 2009 and is the ninth headmaster of the school. The school houses roughly 500 pupils aged 13 to 18. Admission to the school is based on a competitive entrance examination and an interview. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] Every year in January and April, the school admits pupils aged 13 in Grade 7 (known as D-form) and aged 14 in Grade 8 (C-form) respectively. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Doon pupils take the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education in tenth grade and are thereafter offered two strands for the final two years: International Baccalaureate (IB) or Indian School Certificate (ISC). The school began offering the IB curriculum only in 2006, before which all pupils had to sit the ISC examinations in twelfth grade. A quarter of the school's pupils are children of alumni. [ 7 ] Doon has consistently been ranked among the best residential schools of India by media such as The Times of India and Outlook. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] Doon remains a boys-only school despite continued pressure from political leaders, including President Pratibha Patil, to become coeducational. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] Old boys of the school are commonly known as Doscos. [ 14 ] Although the total number of Doscos is relatively small (estimated at 5,000 since the school's founding), they include some of India's most prominent politicians, government officials and business leaders. [ 15 ] The best known alumnus is former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Doon was founded by Satish Ranjan Das, [ 16 ] a lawyer from Calcutta and advocate-general of Bengal, who in 1927 became a member of the Viceroy's Executive Council of Lord Irwin on the condition that he would use the prestige of this position to raise funds for a new type of school in India. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] [ 19 ] He decided to name the new school "Doon", as it was situated in the Doon Valley. He travelled widely in India with the goal of collecting 40 lakhs (4,000,000 rupees), but at the time of his death had raised only 10 lakhs (1,000,000 rupees) in cash and a further 10 lakhs in promises. With the money, Das formed the Indian Public Schools Society (IPSS), which had the objective of founding new public schools in India that would admit students regardless of caste, creed or social status. Under the IPSS, a Board of Governors supervises all matters of Doon. [ 20 ] [ 21 ] After the death of Das in 1928, the IPSS accomplished little, and by 1934 some of the original donors had begun to inquire about the return of their money. [ 20 ] To solve this problem, Sir Joseph Bhore, then Railway Minister of Lord Willingdon's Council, became IPSS Chairman and, with Sir Akbar Hydari as secretary, worked to obtain the former estate of the Forest Research Institute in Dehra Dun on favourable terms. Lord Halifax, then President of the British Board of Education, led a selection committee that nominated Arthur E. Foot, a science teacher at Eton College, to be the first headmaster. [ 22 ] On October 27, 1935, the Viceroy, Lord Willingdon, presided over the formal opening of the school. Seventy boys enrolled in the first term, and 110 more signed up for the second. [ 23 ] The houses at the new school were originally named after their respective housemasters, but later renamed in honour of the largest donors to the IPSS: Hyderabad House was named after Sir Akbar Hydari secured a contribution of 2 Questions to help write an essay etn noticias (200,000 rupees) from the Nizam of Hyderabad's government; [ 24 ]. Kashmir House, after Maharajah Hari Singh, then ruler of Jammu and Kashmir, promised a contribution of 1 lakh english as second language essay ghostwriter services rupees), which was delivered in 1935; [ 24 ]. Tata House, after the Tata and Wadia Trusts promised 1.5 lakhs (150,000 rupees), half of which was delivered in 1935; [ 24 ]. Jaipur House, after Rai Bahadur Amarnath Atal arranged for contributions of 1 lakh (100,000 rupees) from the Durbar of Jaipur. [ 24 ] [ 25 ]. No building was named after Rai Bahadur Rameshwar Smoking Should be Banned in Public Places Essay, since his donation of 1 lakh (100,000 rupees) was initially anonymous. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] Arthur Foot had never visited India before accepting the position of headmaster, and knew little of Dehradun beyond what he learned by consulting an atlas. He noted that it appeared to be surrounded by forests and close to mountains, and the possibilities of outdoor recreation and mountaineering seem to have influenced his decision as help me do my essay relaxation as the chance to create a completely new type of school in India. [ 28 ] Foot's first action upon being offered the position was to recruit J.A.K. (John) Martyn from Harrow School as his deputy. Doon's ethos and guiding principles were determined early help writing my paper use of metaphor in the big sleep its life by Foot, Martyn, R.L. Holdsworth and Jack Gibson, who went on to become Principal of Mayo College. While these masters all came from very traditional British schools, [ 29 ] [ 30 ] they were determined to create a uniquely Indian public school rather than a transplanted British institution, and they were soon joined in their efforts by equally influential Indians such as Sudhir Khastgir (the school's first art teacher, who had trained previously in Santiniketan) and Gurdial Singh, a pioneering mountaineer who taught at Doon for several decades. [ 31 ] [ 32 ] In an essay entitled The Objects of Education published in the school magazine, Foot offered a template for a complete education for boys, which included teaching them to distinguish clearly between good and evil, form a habit of choosing good over evil, think logically, express their thoughts and views clearly, and maintain a healthy body. [ 28 ] In other essays, Foot identified the milestones in the development of each student: Martyn, who was involved with Doon for several decades and became its second headmaster, acknowledged the influence of the "very remarkable German Jew", Kurt Hahn, in the development of the school's ethos. [ 33 ] Although Martyn had not visited India before, he immediately accepted Foot's offer because of the opportunity it afforded to implement Hahn's ideas, which he had not been able to do at Harrow. Martyn acknowledged Foot's leadership in the development of the school, but added that they both had similar ideas: "I would not have been as bold as he was in trying to eliminate punishments, but we were equally keen on providing as wide a range as possible of activities that were creative and challenging. The problem, as we saw it, was to create an atmosphere in which boys would learn the importance of public spirit at the same time as they acquired self-confidence and initiative." [ 34 ] Arthur E. Foot, 1935–1948 J. A. K. Martyn, 1948–1966 C. J. Miller, 1966–1970 Eric J. Simeon, 1970–1979 Gulab Ramchandani, 1979–1988 Shomie Das, 1988–1996 John A. Mason, 1996–2003 Kanti Bajpai, 2003–2009 Peter McLaughlin, 2009–present. Foot and Martyn, the first two headmasters at Doon, were both from elite British institutions – Eton College and Harrow School. They were determined to model Doon on those two schools, but both agreed that it should cater primarily for Indian boys rather than the sons of British expatriates. The public school jargon introduced by these headmasters is still in use. For example, the weekly masters' meeting, started by Foot, is called Chambersa term taken from Eton, [ 35 ] and evening "prep" (the boarding-school equivalent of homework) is called Toye-timea term taken from Winchester College. [ 36 ] [ 37 ] [ 38 ] Though Foot modelled Doon on Eton and Harrow (and the school is often called the "Eton of India" by various press agencies), [ 39 ] [ 40 ] [ 41 ] [ 42 ] [ 43 ] he did not want Doon to be considered elitist. [ 44 ] [ 45 ] Foot once said, "our boys will join an aristocracy, but it’s an aristocracy of service, not one of wealth, privilege or position". [ 46 ] [ 47 ] The school's first Indian headmaster was Eric Simeon appointed in 1970. He came from a military background and laid great emphasis on disciplined living. [ 48 ] The next headmaster, Gulab Ramchandani, was the first alumnus to become headmaster. cheap write my essay chicken essay 49 ] Ramchandani's successor Shomie Das, another alumnus, was the grandson of school founder Satish Ranjan Das. During his tenure, the Oberoi house was added to the original four houses. The main emphasis of the next headmaster, John Mason, was to make Doon affordable for school pupils; Doon did not raise its fees during his tenure. [ 50 ] Kanti Bajpai became the third old boy to become headmaster. He oversaw the introduction of numerous punishments, notably "yellow cards", to control an outburst of bullying at Doon. [ 51 ] Peter McLaughlin, a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC), became the first non-Indian headmaster for almost four decades when he was appointed in 2009. [ 52 ] [ 53 ] Shortly before taking up his appointment he said, "We will be adhering to the school credo of engaging individuals in socially productive work, at the same time delivering on quality education." [ 54 ] The annual Founder's Day celebration of the school is an event of three or four-days [ 55 ] in the Autumn Term, usually in the last week of October. [ 56 ] Many ex-pupils come from all parts of the world to celebrate the event. Security on campus is tight, since alumni attending the event often include senior politicians and government officials, and the chief guest is usually a very prominent person. [ 57 ] [ 58 ] [ 59 ] The event includes productions of English dramas followed by an orchestral concert given by members of the school's Music Society. [ 60 ] [ 61 ] Doon celebrated its 75th Founder's Day (Platinum Jubilee) in October 2010 with an event christened DS-75. [ 62 ] [ 63 ] [ 64 ] Among the chief guests were President Pratibha Patil of India, [ 65 ] [ 66 ] King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan and Kapil Sibal, (Union Minister for Human Resource Development). [ 58 ] [ 67 ] Pratibha Patil, in her address, urged the school authorities to make Doon a co-educational institution. Rahul Gandhi, General Secretary of the Indian National Congress, who studied at Doon for two years, stayed away for security reasons. [ 66 ] [ 68 ] One of the main attractions was a discussion (dubbed the "Chandbagh Debate") held between alumni including Vikram Seth, Kamal Nath, Manpreet Singh Badal, Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia and retired headmaster Kanti Bajpai, on the topic Can India lead?. It was moderated by television commentator Karan Thapar, an alumnus of the school. [ 69 ] Ashvin Kumar made the film Dazed in Doon for the celebrations, using pupils for the cast and crew. Most of it was shot in June and July during the summer break, and those scenes which required the entire student body were filmed after the school reopened in August. [ 70 ] The Doon School, however, objected to the film and its distribution, obtaining a court order to delay its release and labelling it "defamatory". [ 71 ] [ 72 ] [ 73 ] [ 74 ] Shayan Italia, another alumnus, composed and gave a live performance of the song "Doscos Forever, Brothers for Life" to mark the event. [ 75 ] [ 76 ] On October 22, 2010, a commemorative postage stamp depicting the school's main building was released by the Indian Postal Service to mark the occasion of the 75th Founder's Day. [ 77 ] [ 78 ] [ 79 ] The school occupies a single campus covering approximately 70 acres (280,000 m need help do my essay sentencing for murdering ) flanked by Chakrata Road and Mall Road in the Dehradun Cantonment area of Dehradun city, Uttarakhand, India. [ 80 ] To house the school, the IPSS acquired Chandbagh Estate in Dehradun from the Forest Research Institute. Part of the estate was once a deer park. The IPSS also acquired an adjoining estate, now known as Skinner's Field, from the descendants of James Skinner. At the time of acquisition it was overgrown and somewhat neglected, [ 81 ] its most prominent features being two sheds formerly used to house elephants. [ 82 ] The new Art and Media School, located on the site of the old Music School and inaugurated in October 2010 by Kapil Sibal, was shortlisted for the 2010 World Architecture News Education Award. [ 83 ] [ 84 ] The school's South Garden has been mentioned in Inside Outside Magazine's Annual Awards for its green principles and GRIHA standards of environmental compatibility. [ 85 ] [ 86 ] The Chandbagh estate is located in a green part of Dehradun [ 80 ] [ 87 ] and a wide variety of flora and fauna are found on the estate, including many rare trees that date back to the days of the Forest Research Institute. The school has over 150 species of trees on its campus, and the formal gardens attract a variety of birds. [ 88 ] [ 89 ] Doon follows the house system. There are five main houses (Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kashmir, Tata and Oberoi) and two holding houses (Foot and Martyn, named after former headmasters), where new students live for a year before moving to one of the main houses. [ 90 ] [ 91 ] [ 92 ] Each house is run by a housemaster, who is also an cheap write my essay netw410 week 1 lab report 1 member of the teaching staff. The housemaster is assisted by a senior boy known as the house captain. One senior boy serves as school captain and is assisted by prefects from each house. Boys are assigned to houses at the time of admission and develop great loyalty to them, since all intramural sports involve fierce competition between houses. For some alumni, inter-house rivalry continues well into middle-age. Boys with even the most distant family connections to a particular house are invariably assigned to that house. [ 93 ] For many decades, housemasters were always men, but now there are housemistresses as well. [ 94 ] Each housemaster and housemistress is assisted by a matron known as "The Dame", who provides pastoral care for pupils, some of whom take several terms to adjust fully to life in a boarding school, particularly given Doon's monastic lifestyle and strict routine. [ 93 ] The homes of housemasters and housemistresses are adjacent or physically attached to their houses to enable close supervision and support. [ 95 ] The school follows flexible modular scheduling to educate the pupils. The school practices a five and a half day week consisting of 40 periods (or "schools"), each of 40 minutes. [ 96 ] The school day begins with "first bell" soon after 6:15 am. The boys have chhota haazri before doing calisthenics outdoors on the playing fields. [ 97 ] There are two schools before breakfast and five more before lunch. All meals are served in a central dining hall, and boys from each cheap write my essay starbucks new products take turns acting as waiters for their table-mates. [ 98 ] The academic year has always consisted of two terms: the Spring Term and the Autumn Term. In the early decades, the academic year followed the calendar year. This changed in the late 1970s so that the Spring Term now runs from February to the end of May. New pupils ("D-Formers") join Doon at the beginning of April. [ 99 ] The Autumn Term runs from August to the year-end examinations in November after which the boys are promoted to the new class beginning in February. These internal examinations were known as "trials", while examinations leading to certificates such as the Indian School Certificate were known as "finals". Discipline has always been strict, and the school has expelled chidren from well-known families. [ 100 ] In the 1950s, Martyn's suggestion that Sanjay Gandhi finish his senior year elsewhere was accepted without question by his mother, Indira Gandhi. [ 101 ] In contrast, Doon's decision to expel a ward of Chief Minister Nityanand Swami of Uttarkhand in 2000 led to allegations of threats to disrupt power and water supplies; the difficulty was overcome by the prime minister's intervention. [ 102 ] Social work, known formally as "Socially Useful Productive Work", is also part of school life. All boys of the school must complete a mandatory quota of social service hours every term. [ 103 ] Pupils and alumni have frequently organised efforts across India to assist people affected by natural disasters. During the 1991 Uttarkashi earthquake the school's amateur radio club was used by the government for communication purposes. [ 103 ] [ 104 ] Doon also oversees a Panchayat Ghar teaching impoverished children, and many building projects and workshops for the local community. [ 103 ] [ 105 ] Doon has exchange programmes with a number of overseas schools. As of September 2011 [update]a small number of Doon students were attending Eton College, Harrow School, Millfield, Schule Schloss Salem, The Armidale School, Bridge House School, Deerfield Help me do my essay analysis of three scenes in raging bull, King's Academy, Stowe School and St. Mark's School (Texas). [ 106 ] In 2011 Doon twinned with The Thomas Hardye School, Dorchester, England, through a cultural exchange project organised by the BBC and British Council in light of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games held in the UK. [ 107 ] Pupils are known as "Doscos", a contraction of "Doon" and "school". The press often calls alumni Doscos, but in Doon itself they are called ex-Doscos, or simply Old Boys. The vast order essay online cheap new world domesticates of the genus chenopodium of alumni are Indians, but a dwindling number are from Pakistan, [ 108 ] having studied at Doon before the Partition of India forced them to leave in 1947. Relations between Indian and Pakistani alumni have remained warm over the years, despite the long history of conflict between the two countries. [ 109 ] Boys from Bangladesh and Nepal continue to study at Doon. Doon remains a boys-only school despite continued pressure from political leaders, including President Pratibha Patil, to become coeducational. [ 12 ] [ 39 ] [ 110 ] [ 111 ] Sports are compulsory at the school. It has over 30 acres (120,000 m 2 ) of playing fields, the largeset of which are Skinner's Field and the Main Field. Cricket, hockey, athletics, boxing and association football are played seasonally. Tennis, table tennis, badminton, squash, basketball, swimming and gymnastics tournaments are also available. Sport is dominated by cricket and hockey during the spring term and by football, athletics and boxing in the autumn term. Inter-house matches are played in cricket, hockey and football. Sports facilities include a 25-metre swimming pool, a boxing ring and a multi-purpose hall with a gymnasium and facilities for indoor badminton, basketball and table tennis. There are two artificial turf cricket pitches, five basketball courts, six tennis courts, four squash courts, ten cricket nets, seven fields for hockey and football (which can be converted to four cricket pitches to accommodate seasonal sports), a modern cricket pavilion and two 400-metre athletics tracks. order essay online cheap patriotism and the american flag 112 ] [ 113 ] [ 114 ] Doon hosts the annual Afzal Khan Memorial Basketball Tournament, an inter-school basketball tournament. [ 115 ] [ 116 ] Extracurricular activities are also a compulsory element of school life, and magazines are published in English and Hindi. There are around 23 clubs and societies, including politics, drama, photography, aeromodelling, first-aid, dramatics, painting, sculpture, carpentry, amateur radio, music (including Trinity Guildhall music examinations), senior and junior English debating societies, Model United Nations, [ 117 ] [ 118 ] chess, [ 119 ] and astronomy. [ 120 ] [ 121 ] In many societies pupils come together to discuss a particular topic, presided over by a schoolmaster and often including a guest speaker. The school has often invited prominent figures to give speeches and talks to the students; these have included heads of state, politicians, ornithologists, naturalists, artists, writers, economists, diplomats and industrialists. [ 122 ] [ 123 ] The Doon School Weekly is the official school newspaper, distributed every Saturday morning. It chronicles school activities and is a platform for creative and political writing. It was founded in 1936 and is edited by pupils. [ 124 ] [ 125 ] Although it is subject to censorship, satire and criticism of school policies have been published in the past. More subversive publications, far more critical of teachers and the school establishment, have occasionally been produced without official sponsorship. Other school magazines include The Yearbook and The Doon School Information Review. Publications by academic departments include Echo (Science), The Econocrat (Economics), Infinity (Mathematics) and The Circle (Political Science). [ 126 ] Halfway through each term, the boys take a one-week "midterm" – a rugged trip, often through the Siwalik Hills or Himalayas. Senior boys make treks of up to five days, unaccompanied by teachers, camping out in tents, cooking their own food and hiking. They plan these trips themselves. Alumni have credited these midterms as being among their most formative and character-building experiences. [ 80 ] [ 127 ] Doon has been credited with pioneering mountaineering in India, [ 128 ] [ 129 ] thanks to the accomplishments of masters such as R.L. Holdsworth, Jack Gibson and Gurdial Singh and alumni such as Nandu Jayal. [ 130 ] Notable climbs by staff and alumni include Bandarpunch (6,316 m) in 1950, Kala Nag (6,387 m) in 1956, Trisul (7,120 m) in 1951, Kamet (7,756 m) in 1955, Abi Gamin (7,355 m) in 1953 and 1955, Mrigthuni (6,855 m) in 1958 and Jaonli (6,632 metres) in 1964. [ 131 ] Some of these expeditions have had their idiosyncrasies. After Gurudial Singh led a successful climb of Trisul, he performed a headstand asana on the summit as a tribute to the Hindu god Shiva, who is said to abide there. Holdsworth has been claimed to hold the high-altitude record for smoking a pipe, which he did on the summit of Kamet after the first ascent in 1931. [ 132 ] Two Doon pupils climbed the Matterhorn in 1951 wearing cricket boots. [ 133 ] An amphitheatre known as the Rose Bowl was built largely by pupils in two years during the 1930s [ 80 ] [ 134 ] and underwent a major structural change in 2009. [ 135 ] [ 136 ] It can seat up to 1,000 people and has been the setting for numerous Shakespeare plays and other classics of western theatre, as well as musical performances and speeches during school ceremonies such as Founder's Day. [ 137 ] The Multi-Purpose Hall is a more modern indoor theatre that can accommodate approximately 2,000 people. Plays are regularly staged in English and Hindi, with 8–9 productions each year including 2 major productions as part of the Founder's Day celebrations. The Inter House Once-Act Play competition is held each year, alternatively in English and Hindi. In buy essay online cheap banning usage of paper bag a new music school was built beside the Rose Bowl. [ 138 ] It houses a music library, a concert hall and several practice and teaching rooms where students learn cheap write my essay visiting museums western and Indian instruments. In 2002 the school choir raised 20 lakh for victims of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake by organising a charity concert with the title Concerto 2000in which drummer Sivamani also took part. [ 139 ] [ 140 ] To commemorate its Platinum Jubilee, the school launched a music album called Spirit of Doon in collaboration with EMI. [ 141 ] [ 142 ] [ 143 ] The school choir sang two songs ("Lab pe Aati Hai Dua" and "Anand Loke") for the project but only the former was included in the final recording. [ 144 ] The tracks were written by the lyricist Gulzar and were sung by Sonu Nigam, Shayan Italia and Bhajan Sopori. [ 141 ] Attendance at the morning assembly is required of all pupils buy essay online cheap death penalty discussion teachers. It traditionally begins with a song from the school's Song Book: [ 145 ]

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